'Bonnie and Clyde', Lampião and his partner in crime, Maria Bonita, legendary
outlaws for almost two decades in the arid, poor northeast known as the sertão.
Born Virgolino Ferreira in 1898, Lampãio apparently took to violence when
his father was killed by local police in 1919. With Maria Bonita and a group of
revolutionaries, he targeted wealthy landowners, distributing some of his gains
among the poor to whom he became a Robin Hood figure. He and many of his group
were killed in 1938 by government forces, but his name lives on in local folklore,
TV programmes, books and on a float in Rio's 2006 Carnival.