the Mapuche hero Lautaro. The Incas and the Spaniards both conquered Chile
in the 15th and 16th century respectively, but neither army got further south
than the River Bio Bio. Both were repelled by the fierce Mapuches. The Spaniards
led by Pedro de Valdivia, the conquistador who founded Santiago and became governor
of the new colony, were defeated at Tucapel in 1553, and Valdivia was killed by
the famous Mapuche leader, Lautaro, pictured here.